Tongue Cancer

What is tongue cancer?

Tongue cancer is a relatively common, but very serious type of oral cancer. According to the American Cancer Society about 25-30% of all oral cavity cancers begin in the tongue and usually begins in the cells on the top of the tongue. If the cancer begins in the front two thirds of the tongue it is considered an oral cancer. If it begins on the back third of the tongue it is considered at type of throat cancer.

Tongue Cancer

via Public Library of Science

For more specific information in regards to oral cancer and throat cancer visit the links below.

Oral Cancer

Throat Cancer

Tongue Cancer

via flickr

Tongue cancer often begins as a small lump, white patch or sore on the tongue. It is often not diagnosed until it has grown and spread to other areas of the mouth, but if caught early it is easily treatable. For more information on causes and symptoms visit the links below.

Causes of Tongue Cancer

Tongue Cancer Symptoms

Who is most at risk for tongue cancer?

  • About 1 in 324 men and women will be diagnosed with tongue cancer in their lifetime. As with other types of oral cancer, tongue cancer is about twice as common in men as it is in women and it is most often diagnosed in older patients.
  • According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) approximately 12,060 individuals were diagnosed in 2011. Out of those about 71% (8,560) were men and 29% (3500) were women.
  • 61 was the average age of diagnosis, but about 1/3 of all diagnoses occurred in patients under the age of 55.
  • According to the NCI from 2004-2008 0.2% of all tongue cancer diagnoses were in people under the age of 20; 2.0% were in people between the ages of 20 and 34; 6.0% between 35 and 44; 20.8% between 45 and 54; 31% between 55 and 64; 21.9% between 65 and 74; 13.5% between 75 and 84; and 4.6% 85 years old and up.

What are the survival rates for tongue cancer?

The survival rates for tongue cancer depend on the location and stage of the cancer. The five year survival rate for individuals diagnosed with Stage I is 71%. This means that about 71% of people treated over five years ago are still living and about 39% of those treated died from the disease. For individuals with Stage II the 5 year survival rate is 59%. It is 47% for Stage III and 37% for Stage IV.

What is my chance of dying from tongue cancer?

  • In 2011 25.69% of all oral cancer deaths were from tongue cancer. Tongue cancer ranked second only behind cancer of the larynx (throat) which was responsible for 30. 75% of deaths.
  • Based on statistics from NCI from 2004-2008 the average age of death from tongue cancer was 66.
  • Approximately 0.1% of individuals under the age of 20 diagnosed with tongue cancer died from it; 1.1% of those diagnosed between ages 20 to 34 died; 3.9% of those between 35-44; 15.4% between 45 and 54; 24.8% between 55 and 64; 23.8% between 65 and 74; 20.3% between 75 and 84; and 10.7% of those 85 years old and older died from tongue cancer.

For more tongue cancer information regarding the various treatment options available visit the link below.

Tongue Cancer Treatment

Want to see more images of tongue cancer?

Visit our Tongue Cancer Pictures page.

Where can I go for links to more tongue cancer information?

Visit the page listed below to get a complete list of our recommended sites for quality tongue cancer information.

Tongue Cancer Resources

Tongue Cancer References

Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/OralCavityandOropharyngealCancer/DetailedGuide/index. Accessed January 4, 2012.

SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Tongue. National Cancer Institute. http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/tongue.html. Accessed January 11, 2012.

Tongue Cancer or Cancer of the Tongue- Its various Causes along with Symptoms and Treatments. Cancer-Info-Guide.com. www.cancer-info-guide.com/tongue-cancer.html. Accessed January 11, 2012

 

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    All content on this site is for general information purposes only. It is not and should not be considered medical advice or used in place of the advice of a medical professional. Always seek the advice of a doctor or other professional for any medical condition.